Joumou soup – a recipe from Haiti

by Jeanne on March 1, 2010

in Soup, Vegetable side dishes

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**H2Ope for Haiti update** I hope that you have all heard by now that the deadline for entering the H2Ope for Haiti charity raffle has been extended until midnight GMT on Sunday 7 March. The event is raising money for Concern Worldwide, a well-established charity that was already operating in Haiti at the time of the January 12th quake, meaning they could mobilize faster than most to receive and distribute aid to those in the greatest need, including hundreds of thousands of litres of clean drinking water.

In one week we have raised just over £800 which is fantastic, given the economic climate – but there are still a few prizes with no or very few tickets sold – so for £6.50 (about $10), you could have a 100% chance of winning one of two original photographic prints (Desert Bloom or Berry Flag), a free photo restoration, a customised tote bag, a child’s Winter Olympics backpack and fleece blanket, a piece of Care Ware jewellery, or a $50 CSN Stores voucher.  Plus there are many more prizes where you have a 50% chance of winning – and who can say no to those odds??  I hope that everyone reading this can see their way clear to buying just one ticket – pretty please??

And now on to today’s very appropriate recipe.  For the very first time, I am joining my friend Joan of Foodalogue’s 2010 Culinary Tour – South of the Border!  This is a weekly event where Joan leads us in a virtual culinary tour with a weekly country theme.  Last year, Joan and her friends toured the world; this year they are touring Central and South America.  And this week they are visiting Haiti.  How could I refuse to get on the tour bus?  The rules require participants to make and post a dish from the country that we are touring this week, and Joan will post a roundup on Foodalogue on 3 March.

Soup is one of those constants that you find in practically every cuisine.  It can be made light and refreshing for warm climates, or rib-sticking and nourishing for cold climates.  It can be made with expensive ingredients; it can be made with water and almosty any cheap ingredient you have to hand.  It can be served to royalty at banquets, or enjoyed on the mud floor of a rural hut.  It is some of the most egalitarian food that you will find, and my Sunday night standard dinner for as long as I can remember.

So when I decided to join the Culinary Tour and started researching Haitian dishes,  it wasn’t surprising that the dish that caught my eye was a soup.  Joumou soup (pronounced “joo moo”) is a popular dish in Haiti.  The story goes that it is particuarly associated with 1 January 1804, the day on which (after a 13-year struggle against their French colonial masters) , the people of Haiti at last achieved independence.  What better way to celebrate than with the very soup they had been forbidden as slaves to eat?  Traditionally the soup is made of joumou, an aromatic type of pumpkin, simmered together with other vegetables, spices and meat.   It is said that during the independence celebrations, a huge kettle of pumpkin soup was made in the city of Gonaïves, and everyone present was served a bowl. To this day the soup is enjoyed at New year by Haitians around the world.  And at this time when the people of Haiti are suffering so greatly at the hands of violent natural forces, a meal of joumou soup is a small gesture of solidarity with their plight.

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The recipe is cobbled together from various examples I found on the Net, with some tweaks of my own (the allspice with the meat, for one, because I think allspice improves most red meat!).  The soup itself is more of a one-pot meal than a soup, with vegetables, rice and meat all in one delicious dish.  The sweetness of the root vegetables is offset beautifully by the heat of the cayenne pepper and makes for a very warming, balanced dish.  If you can find scotch bonnet peppers and like heat, by all means substitute those for the cayenne pepper.

HAITIAN SOUP JOUMOU (serves 6) 

For printable recipe, click here.

Ingredients:

450g (1 lb) stewing beef
water
1/8 tsp allspice, ground
pinch of cayenne pepper, ground
about 700g (1.5lbs) joumou pumpkin (I used butternut squash), peeled & diced
2 turnips, diced  (I used 1 small swede/rutabaga)
1 small onion, finely chopped
2 carrots, peeled and sliced
1 sprig parsley
1 sprig thyme
3 garlic cloves, crushed
5 cups chicken stock
1 cup milk
1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 tablespoon butter
3/4 cup rice, washed but uncooked (not instant)
salt to taste
large pinch cayenne pepper (or more, or less, depending on your taste)
double cream and fresh parsley to serve

Method:

Place the beef in a saucepan, cover generously with water and stir in the allspice and pepper.  Boil over medium low heat, partially covered for at least 1 hour or until tender.  Drain and chop beef into bite-sized pieces.

In a large stock pot, bring the chicken stock to a boil.  Add the pumpkin, turnips/swede, beef, onions, parsley, thyme, and 2 cloves garlic.   Simmer until the pumpkin is tender (about15 minutes).

Discard parsley and thyme and remove the meat with a slotted spoon – keep warm.  Using an immersion blender, puree the vegetables.

Return to saucepan to the heat, then add the meat, milk, nutmeg, butter, and rice.  Cook until rice is tender (15-20 minutes, or longer if you are using bown rice).

Season with salt and pepper, and mix in remaining garlic. Add a little more water or milk if the consistency is too thick.  Serve in warmed bowls with a swirl of cream in the centre of each bowl, and crusty bread on the side.

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{ 17 comments… read them below or add one }

courtney March 2, 2010 at 1:10 am

Love seeing Haitian recipes. They are more unique than other Caribbean recipes.

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Joan Nova March 2, 2010 at 1:18 am

Soup looks great — both comforting and celebratory. I particularly enjoyed learning the history of the dish. Thanks so much for bringing it to the attention of readers on the Culinary Tour and for all you’ve done for BloggersAid and H2Ope for Haiti. You’re a good person!

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bellini valli March 2, 2010 at 1:54 am

Thanks for joining Joans tour Jeanne. It was fun to travel together virtually:D

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nina March 2, 2010 at 3:48 am

I’ll have to opt for the butternut too, but it sure looks delish!!!

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Kate at Serendipity March 2, 2010 at 6:14 am

This looks wonderful! I love the mix of vegetables in this–pumpkin and turnip. What a great combo. Great photo too…

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meeta March 2, 2010 at 7:38 am

Jeanne, glad to see that the deadline has been extended – hopefully it will get us to where we need to get. The soup sounds lovely. I have to admit I have hardly any experience with Haitian cuisine so I will be trying this!

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Sarah, Maison Cupcake March 2, 2010 at 1:50 pm

I am so relieved the deadline has been postponed as I have had frenetic week and not managed to buy my tickets yet. This soup sounds delicious.

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Jenn@slim-shoppin March 2, 2010 at 7:21 pm

I’m so glad I found your site from Kevin @ Closet Cooking. Your soup looks amazing, I can’t wait to read through your recipes.

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Manggy March 3, 2010 at 5:49 pm

I really should pay more attention to Caribbean cuisine. This looks so warm and inviting, and such an interesting combination of flavors too!

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Ap269.wordpress.com March 3, 2010 at 6:58 pm

Looks very yummy and creamy!

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diva March 3, 2010 at 9:34 pm

Thank you for organising Haiti relief Jeanne! I hope the funds keep going up, especially with the extended deadline :) I must try this soup this week since it’s still quite nippy here with bits of grey (as if we’ll ever escape this sort of weather for good in England). Time to get some stewing beef. I can feel this is one tasty dish. x

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Jan March 4, 2010 at 6:51 am

What a lovely looking bowl of soup!

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Jamie March 5, 2010 at 10:25 am

“It can be served to royalty at banquets, or enjoyed on the mud floor of a rural hut. It is some of the most egalitarian food that you will find.” That’s a fabulous way to describe soup! And who ever really thinks like that? We just all know that soup is one of the most comforting of comfort foods.
This a a fabulous recipe! Meat and squash sounds wonderful, especially now with the chill outside. And you’ve made it wonderfully flavorful. Terrific recipe, Jeanne!
BTW I have bought several raffle tickets and urge everyone else to do the same. Great cause, great prizes!

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Fiona Phillips March 5, 2010 at 11:29 am

Lovely blog, really enjoyed the read. For you and any wine lovers out there, Pumpkin pairs perfectly with Chardonnay or pinot Noir! So I thought I’d send you a flavour from home that will go nicely with this dish. SA’s Avontuur Estate Vintners Blend Chardonnay – Pinot Noir 2009 is lovely:)
http://bit.ly/cWDfcy
Thanks for the recipe!
The Cybercellar team
http://www.cybercellar.com

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Valerie Lugonja March 5, 2010 at 3:47 pm

The perfect recipe for this timely culinary tour…. and a compelling story. All of the other recipes on Joan’s site begin to give us a window into the soul of Haiti…
Thanks!
XO
Valerie

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Kitchen Butterfly March 5, 2010 at 9:45 pm

Looks lovely………and a warming recipe for this ‘still cold’ days. With loads of beta-carotene too!!!!!!!!

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Robert March 27, 2010 at 8:22 pm

I don’t know how I feel about a soup that stops just one letter short of swearing at me…
However it looks like a tasty recipe, shall definitely give it a go.

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